2019-2020 年高二上学期第一学段（期中）考试英语试题 word 版含答案
一．单项选择(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1．--- This afternoon let’s go to a good restaurant.
--- it will cost a lot of money.
--- Don’t worry. It is my _______ today.
2．With the loss of labor，the old farmers ________at home had to choose less labour-intensive
B. to leave
C. having left D. leaving
3．Every evening after dinner, if not
from work, I will spend some time walking my dog.
A. being tired
D. to be tired
in the early 19th century，the school keeps on inspiring children’s love of art．
C．Having founded D．Founded
5．When ____ to danger and conflict, men tend to increase blood pressure, ____ nervous or
A. exposed; feeling
B. exposing; felt C. exposed; felt
D. exposing; feeling
6． You are asked to attend the meeting ______ in the hall this weekend.
A. being held
C. to be held
nation uses nuclear weapons will engage the whole world in war.
B. Whatever C. No matter what D. No matter which
8．Wuhan lies _____ the Changjiang River and the Han River meets.
9．You have to wear a helmet and a life jacket for protection, just ___ you fall into the water.
A. in case
10．The manager was so satisfied with all
I had done
she gave me a promotion.
A. that; which B. what; that
C. what; as
D. that; that
11. Never before _________ seen anybody who can play tennis as well as Robert.
A. had she B. she had
C. has she
D. she has
12.Not until he retired from teaching three years ago _________ having a holiday abroad.
A. he had considered B. did he consider C. he considered D. had he considered
13. Please keep us _________ of any change of address as soon as possible.
B. to inform
C. being informed D. informed
14.The young man was _________stealing possessions of his factory and put into prison.
A. accused of
B. accused with C. charge of
D. charged for
15.At the foot of the mountain _________ .
A. a village lies B. does a village lie C. lies a village D. lying a village
二.完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分）
When I was thirteen, one day my mom told my family that she had to tell us something．So my
dad, my brother and I all sat down on the sofa to begin the discussion．You could feel the 16
atmosphere of the room．It was 17 that something was wrong．Then my mom told us that she
had been diagnosed （诊断） with a very serious disease．That was when we all had a moment
of 18 and cried．
After that my mom started the 19 and had to travel to the hospital every day．After a
week, she began to lose her 20 and so she shaved it all off．My mom would always wear
bright-colored scarf and after a while 21 to buy a wig（假发）．Along with losing her hair she
lost all her nails. 22 , I had never seen a desperate look in my mom's eyes．I remember one
day I went with my mom to the hospital．When we were 23 for her to receive the
treatment, we kept telling jokes．We both burst out 24 from time to time．Everyone in the
waiting room was so 25 , while we were in the middle of the room, chatting 26 .Neither
of us cared 27 people thought of us．
After about a year of the treatment and all the 28 , one day my mom said she wanted to
tell us something important．As my mom was about to speak, a smile 29 on her face．At that
moment I knew that it was going to be something very 30 _ ．She told us that she had
recovered! At that moment I 31 down in tears．They were tears of joy．At that moment for
the first time in a very long time I had a feeling that everything was going to be 32 ．Now two
years has passed and my mom is 33 of the disease．I am so happy that I have my mom with
me every step of the way．My mom 34 me to value every moment in my life and to
remain 35 through thick or thin．She has taught me so much and continues to teach me
19．A．appointment B ． operation
C ． treatment
三．阅读理解（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节（共 10 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 20 分）
How to prepare for exams? Well, it is a big question that you always ask yourself.
There is no short cut to success, which is the first thing you should remember. For this reason
you have to study hard first of all. Besides, here are some tips for you. Never fear or hate exams and be confident. Some students study well but still may be afraid of
exams and due to this reason they won’t be able to get good marks. So leave all your fears behind and free your mind before starting your studies. You have to be confident and it is the most important thing for attaining victory.
Prepare a good timetable. Prepare a timetable before starting your studies. This should include all subjects, but tough subjects can be given more time while easier ones less. And remember some time shall be spared for entertainment and also there should be enough break time between each subject.
Select a proper atmosphere for studying. No need to explain this point. Can anyone study well while watching TV? So select a place where you feel fortable and can concentrate. And importantly it is better to study early in the morning when you will have quiet surroundings and you can concentrate more.
Make notes while studying. This is a very important point. Make small notes while studying can help you remember all the points. It will work better if you use these notes for revision in the last one or two hours than you skip through pages of your textbook. It won’t take much time to go through these notes.
Write well. As we all know, the first impression is the best impression. So your handwriting affects your marks. Try to write neatly. If it is not good enough, don’t worry; if you present it in a good manner you can score more marks. 36．Which proverb can show the writer’s attitude towards our studies?
A. No pains, no gains. B. Knowledge is power. C. It’s never too old to learn. D. Nothing is impossible for a willing heart. 37．Why do some students hate exams according to the passage? A. Because they think exams are meaningless. B. Because preparing for exams takes up most of their time. C. Because there are too many exams at school. D. Because they don’t have enough self-confidence. 38．Why does the writer say “No need to explain this point” in Paragraph 5? A. Because it’s difficult to explain. B. Because it’s easy to understand. C. Because we need to study in silence. D. Because a proper atmosphere can be formed anywhere.
“Long time no see” is a very interesting sentence．When I first read this sentence from an American friend’s email，I laughed．I thought it was a perfect example of Chinglish．
Obviously，it is a word-by-word literal translation of the Chinese greetings with a ruled English grammar and structure! Later on，my friend told me that it is a standard American greeting．I was too thrilled to believe her．Her words could not convince me at all．So I did a research on Google．．To my surprise，there are over 60 thousand web pages containing “Long time no see．” This sentence has been widely used in emails，letters，newspapers，movies，books，or any other
possible places．Though it is sort of informal，it is part of the language that Americans use
daily．Ironically，if you type this phrase in Microsoft Word，the software will tell you that the
grammar needs to be corrected．
Nobody knows the origin of this Chinglish sentence．Some people believe that it came from
Charlie Chan’s movies．In the 1930s，Hollywood moviemakers successfully created a world wide
famous Chinese detective named “Charlie Chan” on wide screens．Detective Chan likes to teach
Americans some Chinese wisdom by quoting Confucius(孔子)．“Long time no see” was his
trademark．Soon after Charlie Chan，“Long time no see” became a popular phrase in the real
world with thanks to the popularity of these movies．
Some scholars refer to America as a huge pot of “stew”．All kinds of culture are mixed in the
stew together，and they change the color and taste of each other．American Chinese，though a
minority ethni（c 少数民族的成员）group in the United States，is also contributing some changes
to the stew! Language is usually the first thing to be influenced in the mixed stew．
You can have some other examples than adoptions from Chinese，such as pizza from Italian，
susi from Japanese，and déjà vu from French etc．There is a long list! Americans do not just simply
borrow something from others．They will modify it and make it their own，so you would not be
surprised to find a tofu and peanut butter hamburger in a restaurant，or to buy a bottle of iced
Chinese green tea with honey in a grocery store．Since Americans appreciate Chinese culture
more and more nowadays，I believe more Chinese words will bee American English in the
future．In this way the American stew keeps adding richness and flavor．
39．The writer himself felt surprised at ______．
A．the Chinglish expression “Long time no see”
B．“Long time no see” used as standard American English
C．so many literal translation of the expressions used in America
D．finding out Americans use the expression every day
40．The word “stew” in the 4th paragraph probably means ______．
C．a kind of cooked dish
D．American changing cultures
41．According to the passage，it can be inferred that ______．
A．detectives translate the phrase “Long time no see”
B．Hollywood made “Long time no see” popular
C．the huge pot of stew greatly affects all kinds of languages
D．cultures can be changed in the huge pot of stew
42．The main idea of the passage is that ______．
A．some Chinese expressions are introduced into English
B．you’ll not be surprised at a tofu in a restaurant in America
C．some American expressions can be used in China
D．American English keep being enriched from different cultures
Tracey Hermanstorfer's heart stopped beating and her son Coltyn appeared lifeless after the Caesarean(剖腹产术)section on Christmas Eve. However a few minutes after he was born, both began breathing again. Dr Stephanie Martin told Good Morning America she could not explain how the pair survived. Mrs Hermanstorfer and her husband Mike told the American television
show that their baby was now healthy and that they were doing “good” following the drama at
Colorado Springs Memorial Hospital.
The couple, who already had two children, had to go into the hospital seven weeks earlier than
planned. Her husband, 37, said his wife was tired after receiving an epidural(硬脑膜外麻
醉)during the labour(分娩)but after closing her eyes, she “wasn't waking up”．She stopped
breathing and she is believed to have suffered a heart attack before her heart stopped beating
Dr Martin said she was called in and that the outlook was grim（严酷的） since in most
situations like this，“despite the best efforts of the team”, the mother was often unable to be
revived. In that case doctors then tried to focus on delivering the baby but when he was born he
was “pletely lifeless”．
Mr. Hermanstorfer told the Associated Press news agency，“I had everything in the world
taken from me, and in an hour and a half I had everything given to me.”
Dr Martin said she did not have a“great explanation”for why Mrs Hermanstorfer's heartbeat
returned. “Somewhere between four and five minutes she had been without heart rate and had
stopped breathing a minute or two prior to her heart stopping，”she said. The doctors were then
able to bring the baby back to life, and the mother was alive after that.
Despite tests, she said doctors were still not sure about what had happened. However Mrs
Hermanstorfer and her husband Mike have said they believed it was down to a miracle. She said：
“I got a second chance in life.”
43．What might have happened to Tracey Hermanstorfer just before her heart stopped beating?
A．She became unconscious. B．She took a nap.
C．She had a bad headache. D．She suffered a heart attack.
44．Which of the following is the correct order of what happened to Tracey Hermanstorfer?
a．suffering a heart attack
b．stopping heart beating entirely
d．ing back to life
e．receiving an epidural
f．producing a baby
A．a c f d b e
B．f c a d b e
C．e a c b f d
D. e a b c f d
45 ． Which of the following words best expresses Dr Martin's attitude towards Tracey
Hermanstorfer's ing back to life?
第二节 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。（共 5 小题 每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
Finding a new and fun hobby can make you a happier person. Hobbies can be a great way to relieve stress and bring more joy into your life. Specifically when you find a new hobby. Hobbies are for everyone at any age. When you get older, you should not have fewer hobbies. 46 You might be looking for a new hobby, but you're not sure what. A new hobby requires finding new interests, which means experimenting to find those interests.
Try new things. To find a new hobby, it will require trying new things. New hobbies won't usually just find you. Don't put things off. You might think to yourself, "I don't like that." If you've
never done it, or given it a chance, how can you know? 47 __ Learn new things. You're never too young or old to learn more in life. If you take the time to
learn new things, you'll develop new interests. Let your curiosity run wild, and develop more knowledge over the things you don't know or are familiar with. 48 Reading the same sports newspaper every day doesn't count as a new and fun hobby.
Collect things. _49 .Start collecting them. Maybe you have an interest in coins, or specific jewelry. Think about certain interests that pertain to（关于）what you can collect. If you're a sports fan, then collect sport cards, or jersey's. Simple hobbies aren't always a bad thing. You can collect just about anything.
50__ Everyone has a creative side. Some people find different ways of expressing that side to them. It can be writing, drawing, painting, playing a music instrument, photography, dancing, or singing. These can be fun and relaxing hobbies to have that be a positive way of expressing your emotions. A. Interact with others B. Think of the things that you do like C. Learning is not such a bad thing D. Find and express the creative side in you E. Have an open mind and give things a chance F. Otherwise you'll develop more stress and gray hairs G. write down a list of the leisure activities you enjoy
一．课文填空（每空 1 分，满分 10 分） ZY: But how can I listen carefully while ___51___notes? HX: This is a __52__ of the trade, If the interviewee agrees, you can use a recorder to get the facts__ 53___. It's also useful if a person wants to challenge you. You have the evidence to support your story. ZY: I see! Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? HX: Yes, but it was a long time ago. This is how the story __54__. A footballer was accused of taking money for deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win. We went to interview him. He__55__ taking money but we were skeptical .
First aid treatment 1.Remove clothing using __56_ if necessary unless it is __57_ to the burn. Take off other clothing and jewellery near the burn. 2.Cool burns immediately with cool but not icy water. It is best to place burns under gently 58 __water for about 10 minutes.(The cool water stops the 59___process, prevents the pain being unbearable and 60___swelling.) Do not put cold water on third degree burns. 二．短文改错（满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有
修改： 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
2、只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 Last Sunday, I went sightseeing with my friends in the Fairy Lake Park. The park was full of
beauty of spring, with the sun shining and birds sing. When I was enjoying the fantastic scenery around, something unpleasant caught their eyes. A young couple in a boat was eating, talking and laughing loudly as if they were the only people in the world. Which is worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake, total ignoring the noticeable sign “No Littering” nearby. What shame!
Such behavior leaves me deep in thought. If all visitors to the Fairy Lake Park do as the couple did so, the lake will be severely polluted or soon turned into a huge dustbin.
三．书面表达（满分 15 分） 明天的英语课轮到你进行课前英语小演讲。请根据以下信息，以“健康早餐”为主题写一
份演讲稿。 ［写作内容］ 1. 现象： 有些同学不吃早餐； 有些同学吃早餐，但营养不均衡。 2. 后果： 严重影响身体健康； 影响学*效率。 3. 建议：（1）早起，吃营养均衡的早餐。（2）营养均衡的早餐包括：含有碳水化合物的谷 类，以提供每天所需的能量； 鸡蛋、牛奶等提供蛋白质； 蔬菜、水果等帮助消化。谷类： grain；碳水化合物：carbohydrates；蛋白质：protein； 消化：digestion
I’m very much honored to give you a speech on healthy breakfast._____________________
16-20 BDBCB 21-25 CDBDB 26-30 ADABC 31-35 DCABD 三．阅读理解
A 篇 36-38 ADB B 篇 39-42 BABD C 篇 43-45 DCB
四．七选五 46-50 FECBD 五、课文填空：
56. scissors 57. stuck
【小题 1】beauty 前加 the
53. straight 58. running
54. goes 59. burning
【小题 2】sing 改成 singing
55.denied 60. reduces
【小题 3】their 改成 my 【小题 5】Which 改成 What 【小题 7】What 后面加 a 【小题 9】去掉 so
【小题 4】was 改成 were 【小题 6】total 改成 totally 【小题 8】leaves 改成 left 【小题 10】or 改成 and
七．书面表达：15 分 【参考范文】
One possible version： I’m very honored to give you a speech on healthy breakfast. Some students in our class
often go to school without breakfast while others do have breakfast but not a well-balanced one. Consequently, their health and study efficiency are negatively affected. A healthy and well-balanced breakfast should consist of whole grains, eggs and milk, fruits and vegetables. The grain which contains carbohydrates can provide the energy we need every day. Eggs and milk supply protein and fruits and vegetables are good for healthy digestion. Therefore, I strongly suggest that we should get up early and have a well-balanced breakfast before going to school.
2019-2020 年高二上学期第一次周练化学试题 含答案
一．选择题（共 7 小题，每个小题只有一个正确选项）
2．已知在 1×105Pa，298K 条件下，2mol 氢气燃烧生成水蒸气放出 484kJ 热量，下列热化学方
A．H2O（g）=H2（g）+O2（g）△ H=+242kJ?molB．2H（2 g）+O（2 g）=2H2O（l）△ H=﹣484kJ?mol
C．H2（g）+O2（g）=H2O（g）△ H=+242kJ?molD．2H（2 g）+O（2 g）=2H2O（g）△ H=+484kJ?mol
3．在 N2+3H2 2NH3 的反应中，在 5s 中 N2 由 6mol/L 减至 2mol/L．则 NH3 的*均反应速率是 （） A．2.4 mol/（L?s） B．1.6mol/（L?s） C．0.8 mol/（L?s） D．0.08 mol/（L?s）
4．一定温度下的反应 A（g）+3B（g）?2C（g），下列叙述不能表明它达到化学*衡的是（ ） A．C 的生成速率与 C 的分解速率相等 B． 混合气体的总物质的量不再变化 C．A、B、C 的浓度不再变化 D．单位时间内生成 a mol A，同时生成 3a mol B
5．如图是 xx 年批量生产的笔记本电脑所用甲醇燃料电池的结构示意图．甲醇在催化剂作用 下提供质子（H+）和电子，电子经外电路、质子经内电路到 达另一极与氧气反应，电池总反应式为 2CH3OH+3O2=2CO2+4H2O．下列说法正确的是（ ）
A．左电极为电池的正极，a 处通入的物质是甲醇 B．右电极为电池的负极，b 处通入的物质是甲醇 C． 负极反应式为
6．向一定浓度的 NaHCO3 溶液中加入适量下列物质，能使 HCO3﹣数目减少，CO32﹣数目增加 的是（ ）
B．Ba（OH）2 溶液 C．NaOH 溶液
7. 一定条件下，向某密闭容器中加入足量铁粉并充入一定量的 CO2 气体，发生反应：Fe（s） +CO2（g）?FeO（s）+CO（g）△ H＞0．反应过程中 CO2 气体和 CO 气体的浓度与时间的关 系如图所示，下列说法不正确的是（ ）
C．3 分钟时，CO 和 CO2 的浓度相等，反应达到*衡状态 D．8 分钟内 CO 的*均反应速率 v（CO）=0.0625 mol?L﹣1?min﹣1
二．填空题（共 3 小题）
8． ClO2 为一种黄绿色气体，是目前国际上公认的高效，广谱，快速安全的杀菌剂．制备 ClO2 的新工艺是电解法．
（1）如图表示用石墨作电极，在一定条件下电解饱和食盐水制取 ClO2，写出阳极 ClO2 产生 的电极方程式： _________ ；图中 b 电极为 _________ ；（填“阳极”或“阴极”） （2）电解一段时间，当阴极产生标准状况下气体 112ml 时，停止电解，则通过阳离子交换膜 的阳离子物质的量为 _________ mol，阴极区 pH _________ （填“变大”、“变小”或“不 变”） （3）ClO2 对污水中 Fe2+，Mn2+，S2﹣，CN﹣等有明显去除效果，某工厂中污水含 CN﹣（a mg/L）， 现将 ClO2 把 CN﹣氧化成两种无毒气体，写出该反应的离子方程式： _________ ．
9．工业废水中常含有一定量的 Cr2O72﹣和 CrO42﹣，它们会对人类及生态系统产生很大的伤害， 必须进行处理．某工厂使用还原沉淀法处理，该法的工艺流程为：
其中第①步存在*衡：2CrO42﹣（黄色）+2H+═Cr2O72﹣（橙色）+H2O （1）若*衡体系的 pH=12，则溶液显 _________ 色．
（2）能说明第①步反应达*衡状态的是 _________ ．
（3）第②步反应中，还原剂为 _________ ，该还原剂反应后生成 _________ ．
（4）电镀废液中 Cr2O72﹣还可通过下列反应转化： Cr2O72﹣（aq）+2Pb2+（aq）+H2O（l）═2PbCrO4（s）+2H+（aq）△ H＜0
（1）以 N2 和 H2 为原料合成氨气．反应 N2（g）+3H2（g）?2NH3（g）△ H＜0 ①下列措施可以提高 H2 的转化率是（填选项序号） _________ ． a．选择适当的催化剂 b．增大压强 c．及时分离生成的 NH3 d．升高温度
②一定温度下，在密闭容器中充入 1molN2 和 3molH2 发生反应．若容器容积恒定，达到*衡
状态时，容器内的压强是原来的，则 N2 的转化率 a1= _________ ； 若容器压强恒定，达到*衡状态时，N2 的转化率为 a2，则 a2 _________ 或“=”）．
①NH3 被氧气催化氧化生成 NO 的反应的化学方程式是 _________ ．
②在容积恒定的密闭容器中进行反应 2NO（g）+O2（g）?2NO2（g）△ H＞0 该反应的反应速率（v）随时间（t）变化的关系如图所示．若 t2、t4 时刻只改变一个条件，下 列说法正确的是（填选项序号） _________ ．
a．在 t1～t2 时，可依据容器内气体的压强保持不变判断反应已达到*衡状态 b．在 t2 时，采取的措施一定是升高温度
c．在 t3～t4 时，可依据容器内气体的密度保持不变判断反应已达到*衡状态
d．在 t0～t5 时，容器内 NO2 的体积分数在 t3 时值的最大
③向容积相同、温度分别为 T1 和 T2 的两个密闭容器中分别充入等量 NO2 发生反应：
2NO2 （g）?N2O4（g）△ H＜0．恒温恒容下反应相同时间后，分别测定体系中 NO2 的百分
含量分别为 a1，a2．已知 T1＜T2，则 a1 _________ a2
（3）硝酸厂常用如下 2 种方法处理尾气．
①催化还原法：催化剂存在时用 H2 将 NO2 还原为 N2． 已知：2H2（g）+O2（g）=2H2O（g）△ H=﹣483.5kJ/mol N2（g）+2O2（g）=2NO2（g）△ H=+133kJ/mol
则 H2 还原 NO2 生成水蒸气反应的热化学方程式是 _________ ．
②碱液吸收法：用 Na2CO3 溶液吸收 NO2 生成 CO2． 若每 9.2gNO2 和 Na2CO3 溶液反应时转移电子数为 0.1mol，则反应的离子方程式是 _________ ．
1．A 2．A 3．B 4．D 5．C 6．C 7．C 8． （1）Cl﹣﹣5e﹣+2H2O=ClO2↑+4H+；阴极；
（2）0.01；pH 变大； （3 (3)2ClO2+2CN﹣=N2↑+2CO2↑+2Cl﹣． 9． （1）黄； （2）ad； （3）A． 10．（1）①bc；②12.5%；＞； （2）①4NH3+5O24NO+6H2O；②ad；③D； （3）①4H2（g）+2NO2（g）=N2（g）+4H2O（g）△ H=﹣1100kJ/mol；